Swine influenza was first proposed to be a disease related to human flu during the 1918 flu pandemic, when pigs became ill at the same time as humans. The first identification of an influenza virus as a cause of disease in pigs occurred about ten years later, in 1930. Here are some important facts you should know about swine flu. img source
#1. Respiratory infection Swine flu is a virus that attack firstly on the respiratory system. In order to prevent the disease from spreading stay at home.
#2. High fever Swine flu causes sudden fever. One cannot exactly know that he/she is suffering from swine flu because the symptoms are very similar to regular flu.
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#3. Swine-origin influenza virus (S-OIV) It is a strain of the influenza family of viruses that is endemic in pigs. As of 2009, the known SIV strains include influenza C and the subtypes of influenza A known as H1N1, H1N2, H2N1, H3N1, H3N2, and H2N3.
#4. Transmission The main way of transmission is done through direct contact between infected and uninfected animals.
#5. Intensive Farming Intensive farming may also increase the risk of transmission, as the pigs are raised in very close proximity to each other.
#6. Pork products Swine flu cannot be spread by pork products, since the virus is not transmitted through food. Virus spreads between humans when infected people through cough or sneeze.
#7. Vaccines A single dose creates enough antibodies to protect against the virus within about 10 days.
#8. Dehydration Swine flu in its early stage causes Dehydration. Dehydration occurs when water loss exceeds water intake, usually due to exercise or disease. Most people can tolerate a three to four percent decrease in body water without difficulty.
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#9. Prevention Swine influenza prevents from three components: prevention in swine, prevention of transmission to humans, and prevention of its spread among humans.
#10. Signs of swine flu The main signs are fever, depression, coughing (barking), discharge from the nose or eyes, sneezing, breathing difficulties, eye redness or inflammation, and going off feed. Some pigs infected with influenza, however, may show no signs of illness.