Most of the peoples form all over the world comes at this place to look its beauty. Taj mahal is situated in Agra in India. If you ever visit to India you must visit to this place. There are various interesting facts about the Taj Mahal. Below listed are 10 important facts about the Taj mahal.
It is told that approximately 22,000 laborers and 1,000 elephants worked to complete the central mausoleum of taj mahal in 1648. A 10-mile ramp ran through Agra and was used for transporting materials to the top of the dome.
- Mughal Emperor ShahJahan
Taj mahal was commissioned by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan for his favorite’s wife Empress Mumtaz Mahal, who died in 1631. So great was the Shah Jahan’s love for his wife Mumtaz, that he ordered the building of the most beautiful mausoleum on Earth for her, The Taj Mahal.
The construction documents show that its master architect was Ustad ‘Isa, the renowned Islamic designer of his time. The Taj stands on a raised, square platform with its four corners shortened, forming an unequal octagon. The architectural design uses the interlocking arabesque concept, in which each element stands on its own and perfectly integrates with the main structure.
- Precious Stones
The Mughals believed that the precious and semiprecious stones have different effects on the fortunes of different persons and places. There were various precious stones used to build Taj mahal.
- Architectural Patterns
Taj mahal is still regarded as one of the most arresting and attention-grabbing manmade monuments of the world. The entire surface of the mausoleum is covered in a variety of Architectural Patterns and calligraphic designs, created in carved relief or polychrome inlaid pietra dura work.
- Carvings on the Monument
It is found that twenty eight different types of precious and semi-precious stones were inlaid into the white marble to create some amazing designs. The marble itself came from Makrana in Rajasthan, Jade and crystal came from China, turquoise from Tibet, Lapis Lazuli from Afghanistan.
- The Actual Graves
Taj Mahal have a third set of graves, with the actual bodies of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan inside them. This is the myth of the “third graves” of Taj Mahal. It is the tradition that has been followed in the above mentioned tombs that gives rise to this myth.
- Hands Chopped Off
It is told that Shah Jahan acquire the hands of his sculptors and architects interrupt so that they would never be able to build a monument as magnificent and beautiful as the Taj again and he even got their eyes pulled out so that they would never be able to informant anything bigger and more beautiful than the monument that they had built during their lifetime.
- Calligraphic inscriptions.
Calligraphic inscriptions of the ninety nine names of Allah can also be found on the sides of actual tomb of Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj has some wonderful specimens of polychrome inlay art both in the interior and exterior on the dados, on cenotaphs and on the marble jhajjhari around them.
The Islamic style architecture of this garden has a well-defined meaning that symbolizes spirituality and according to the Holy Quran, the lush green, well watered is a symbol of Paradise in Islam.